|关键词: 中国球迷 启蒙时代 观者文化 镜像
|Chinese Fans Growing up in the Enlightenment Era
|(School of Media and Arts, Shanghai University of Sport)
|Early Chinese fans appeared in the early 20th century to the 1940s, belonging to the middle class. Football in this period belonged to natural football. The audience was rich in the city. The atmosphere of watching football was similar to that of watching plays. From 1950s to 1980s, Chinese football was generally subordinate to the sports system of the Soviet Union. The players were gentle and elegant, and the audience was friendly. Football in this stage belonged to the moral era. From 1994 to the present age of commercial football, which belongs to the universality, the performance of audience groups also has multidimensional characteristics. Football in the Soviet system era was football of goodwill. Watching football is a kind of social welfare, not a commercial demand. Since 1994, Chinese football has been switched into football of wickedness. The highly commercialized football has made the fans’ mind reach the critical point from time to time. China’s cultural awakening began in the early 1980s, and the psychology of Chinese fans was generally mature in the late 1990s. Chinese football has since departed from the moral era and entered a new era of rule of law.
|Key words: Chinese fans enlightenment era spectators’ culture image