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竞技网球技术动作特征及训练理念
马孝刚,史兵
(陕西师范大学 体育学院,西安 710119)
摘要:
网球属于高度职业化的技能主导类隔网对抗性项目,其技术动作具有高压力、高球速和非固定式击球方式等独特性。国内网球运动技能研究主要集中在技战术录像分析、生物力学分析和教学研究等方面,但分别存在缺乏实践化、精细化和程序化问题。结合网球运动项目的本质属性,认为网球技术动作具有全面与特长、标准与特异、隐蔽与虚假、精细与经济、稳定与突变的特征。从感知、认知、决策和再认知的信息处理过程构建网球技术动作训练的理念框架,提出在网球技术动作训练中, 应注重感知能力的主导作用,强调认知能力的核心地位,丰富决策能力的评价功能,提升再认知能力的反馈功能。
关键词:  技术动作  训练理论  网球  感知技能
DOI:
投稿时间:2022-11-12
基金项目:
Technical Movement Characteristics and Training Concept of Competitive Tennis
MA Xiaogang,SHI Bing
(Physical Education School,Shannxi Normal University,Xi' an 710119 ,China)
Abstract:
Tennis is a highly professional skill-oriented net-separating antagonism event,and its technical movements are unique in high pressure,high ball speed and non-fixed hitting methods.The research of tennis skills in China is mainly focused on the video analysis of technique and tactics,biomechanical analysis and teaching research,but there are problems of lack of practice,refinement and program respectively.Combined with the essential attributes of tennis,it is believed that tennis technical movements have the characteristics of comprehensiveness and specialty,standard and specificity,concealment and falseness,fineness and economy,stability and mutation.The conceptual framework of tennis technical movement training is constructed from the information processing process of perception,cognition,decision-making and re-cognition.It is proposed that in tennis technical movement training,we should pay attention to the leading role of perception ability,emphasize the core position of cognitive ability,enrich the evaluation function of decision-making ability,and enhance the feedback function of re-cognition ability.
Key words:  technical movement  training theory  tennis  perceptual skills

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