|关键词: 体育培训企业 空间分布 企业聚集 多地理尺度 GIS空间分析 地理探测器
|Spatial Distribution Pattern and Multi-scale Characteristics of Sports Training Enterprises in China under Regional Coordinated Development Strategy
|CHEN Po,LI Li
|(College of Physical Education and Health Science, Chongqing Normal University, Chongqing 401331 , China;Dali Nursing Vocational College，Dali 671006 , China)
|Based on the data of Chinese sports training enterprises from 1983 to 2021, this paper uses a variety of GIS spatial analysis methods to explore the spatial distribution pattern and multi-scale characteristics of Chinese sports training enterprises, and discusses the formation mechanism of spatial distribution pattern through geographic detectors. The results show that: ①The upward trend of the number of sports training enterprises is obvious, but the annual growth rate is significantly different, and 2020—2021 is a “blowout” growth stage. ②Sports training enterprises show significant spatial distribution characteristics of agglomeration, and the intensity of agglomeration decreases with the increase of registered capital of enterprises. ③The overall distribution pattern of sports training enterprises is “south (west)-north (east)”, mainly in the eastern coastal economic belt, “Shanghai-Jiangsu-Zhejiang-Anhui” and “Guangdong-Fujian-Jiangxi” are the most highly concentrated zone. ④At the regional scale, the number of sports training enterprises is the highest in the eastern part of the country and obviously lower in the central and western parts of the country. The number of enterprises in the north and south, coastal and inland areas accounts for about 8∶2 and 7∶3 respectively. ⑤At the provincial scale, the number of sports training enterprises in Guangdong, Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Beijing accounted for more than 60%. The hot and sub-hot areas of enterprises were concentrated in the southeast half, and the northwest halves were mostly cold and sub-cold areas. ⑥At the municipal scale, the imbalance of spatial distribution of sports training enterprises is more prominent. The centralized distribution points of enterprises are obviously scattered, mainly scattered in Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Shanghai, and the centralized distribution points in the northwest half are very few. ⑦The spatial distribution pattern of sports training enterprises is mainly affected by economic strength and market size at the regional scale, while it is affected by the comprehensive effects of economic strength, population density, industrial structure and other factors at the provincial and municipal scales. The interaction between various factors has an enhanced effect on the spatial distribution pattern of sports training enterprises in China compared with the single factor.
|Key words: sports training enterprise spatial distribution enterprise aggregation multi-geographic scale GIS spatial analysis geographic detector