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区域协调发展战略下中国体育培训企业空间格局与多尺度特征研究
陈颇,李力
(重庆师范大学 体育与健康科学学院,重庆 401331;大理护理职业学院,云南 大理 671006)
摘要:
基于1983—2021年中国体育培训企业数据,采用多种GIS空间分析方法,探索中国体育培训企业空间分布格局与多尺度特征,并通过地理探测器对空间分布格局的形成机制展开探讨。结果表明:①体育培训企业数量上升趋势较明显,但各年度增长幅度差距显著,2020—2021年为“井喷式”增长阶段。②体育培训企业表现出显著聚集的空间分布特征,聚集强度随企业注册资本的提高而降低。③体育培训企业整体呈现“南(偏西)—北(偏东)”分布格局,主要分布于东部沿海经济带,“沪—苏—浙—皖”“粤—闽—赣”是聚集程度最高的地带。④在地带尺度下,体育培训企业表现出东部最高、中西部明显偏低的“层级化”分布特征,南北方、沿海与内陆企业数量占比约8∶2和7∶3。⑤在省域尺度下,广东、江苏、浙江及北京体育培训企业数量合计占比超过60%,企业热点区和次热点区集中连片分布于东南半壁,西北半壁多为冷点区与次冷点区。⑥在市域尺度下,体育培训企业空间分布的非均衡性问题更突出,企业的集中分布点呈现明显散发状态,主要零星散落于江浙沪地区,西北半壁的集中分布点极少。⑦在地带尺度下体育培训企业空间分布格局主要受经济实力和市场规模的影响,而在省域和市域尺度下受经济实力、人口密度、产业结构等多种因素综合作用的影响,各因子间交互作用对我国体育培训企业空间分布格局的影响较单因子均表现出增强效应。
关键词:  体育培训企业  空间分布  企业聚集  多地理尺度  GIS空间分析  地理探测器
DOI:
投稿时间:2023-04-12
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目(21XTY002);重庆市教委科技重点项目(KJZD-K202200503); 重庆市教委人文社会科学重点项目(23SKGH064)
Spatial Distribution Pattern and Multi-scale Characteristics of Sports Training Enterprises in China under Regional Coordinated Development Strategy
CHEN Po,LI Li
(College of Physical Education and Health Science, Chongqing Normal University, Chongqing 401331 , China;Dali Nursing Vocational College,Dali 671006 , China)
Abstract:
Based on the data of Chinese sports training enterprises from 1983 to 2021, this paper uses a variety of GIS spatial analysis methods to explore the spatial distribution pattern and multi-scale characteristics of Chinese sports training enterprises, and discusses the formation mechanism of spatial distribution pattern through geographic detectors. The results show that: ①The upward trend of the number of sports training enterprises is obvious, but the annual growth rate is significantly different, and 2020—2021 is a “blowout” growth stage. ②Sports training enterprises show significant spatial distribution characteristics of agglomeration, and the intensity of agglomeration decreases with the increase of registered capital of enterprises. ③The overall distribution pattern of sports training enterprises is “south (west)-north (east)”, mainly in the eastern coastal economic belt, “Shanghai-Jiangsu-Zhejiang-Anhui” and “Guangdong-Fujian-Jiangxi” are the most highly concentrated zone. ④At the regional scale, the number of sports training enterprises is the highest in the eastern part of the country and obviously lower in the central and western parts of the country. The number of enterprises in the north and south, coastal and inland areas accounts for about 8∶2 and 7∶3 respectively. ⑤At the provincial scale, the number of sports training enterprises in Guangdong, Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Beijing accounted for more than 60%. The hot and sub-hot areas of enterprises were concentrated in the southeast half, and the northwest halves were mostly cold and sub-cold areas. ⑥At the municipal scale, the imbalance of spatial distribution of sports training enterprises is more prominent. The centralized distribution points of enterprises are obviously scattered, mainly scattered in Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Shanghai, and the centralized distribution points in the northwest half are very few. ⑦The spatial distribution pattern of sports training enterprises is mainly affected by economic strength and market size at the regional scale, while it is affected by the comprehensive effects of economic strength, population density, industrial structure and other factors at the provincial and municipal scales. The interaction between various factors has an enhanced effect on the spatial distribution pattern of sports training enterprises in China compared with the single factor.
Key words:  sports training enterprise  spatial distribution  enterprise aggregation  multi-geographic scale  GIS spatial analysis  geographic detector

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