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以家庭为基础的饮食+运动干预预防学龄前儿童超重肥胖的效果研究
付爽,严永军
(南京财经大学 体育部,南京 210046)
摘要:
目的:探索以家庭为基础的饮食+运动干预预防学龄前儿童超重肥胖的有效性。方法:共招募80名3~6岁超重肥胖儿童,随机分为干预组和对照组,共有68名学龄前儿童完成实验,采用配对样本t检验和单因素方差分析评估干预6个月后的差异。结果:以家庭为基础的饮食+运动干预方法能有效降低学龄前超重肥胖儿童的BMI-z评分、BMI百分位数、体重,减少热量摄入、脂肪摄入、饱和脂肪摄入、含糖饮料糖分摄入、屏幕时间、久坐行为时间,增加水果蔬菜摄入,但对增加体力活动效果不明显。结论:以家庭为基础的饮食+运动干预方法在预防学龄前儿童超重肥胖方面是有效的、可行的。
关键词:  家庭环境  饮食+运动  学龄前儿童  超重肥胖
DOI:
投稿时间:2023-12-22
基金项目:江苏省社会科学基金项目“江苏体医深度融合协同发展路径研究”(19TYB008)
Study on the Effect of Family-Based Diet + Exercise Intervention on  Preventing Overweight and Obesity in Preschool Children
FU Shuang,YAN Yongjun
(Ministry of Sports, Nanjing University of Finance and Economics, Nanjing 210046 , China)
Abstract:
Objective: This paper explores the effectiveness of family-based diet + exercise intervention in preventing overweight and obesity in preschool children. Methods: A total of 80 overweight and obese children aged 3-6 years were recruited and randomly divided into intervention group and control group. A total of 68 preschool children completed the experiment. Paired sample t-test and single factor analysis of variance were used to evaluate the differences after 6 months of intervention. Results: The family-based diet + exercise intervention method can effectively reduce the BMI-z score, BMI percentile and body weight of preschool overweight and obese children, reduce calorie intake, fat intake, saturated fat intake, sugary beverage sugar intake, screen time, sedentary behavior time, increase fruit and vegetable intake, but it has no obvious effect on increasing physical activity. Conclusion: Family-based diet + exercise intervention is effective and feasible in preventing overweight and obesity in preschool children.
Key words:  family environment  diet + exercise  preschool children  overweight and obesity

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