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话语构建与国家认同:民国时期国术考试(国考)的实践表征
刘帅兵,吉灿忠
(南京体育学院 武术与艺术学院,南京 210014;南京师范大学 体育科学学院,南京 210023)
摘要:
国术考试承载着国族建构的政治诉求和情感需求,是民国时期武术国家化的实践。探究国术考试的形成、发生、特性发现,其嵌入国族建构的正当性表现在历史性、进步性和时代性方面,并为游走于国家社会边缘的武人群体构建了政治、经济、教育的话语。这强化了武术与国家的联系,武人群体由此得以参与国族建构之中。通过仪式操演的空间塑造、国家在场的话语表达、政治规训等手段,国术考试成为国族建构的践行空间。武术被上升到“国术”高度,借助“竞赛”“考试”开启现代化之路。
关键词:  民国时期  国术考试  话语构建  国家认同
DOI:
投稿时间:2023-12-20
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学研究青年项目(21YJC890016);国家社科基金重大项目(20&ZD338); 2023江苏高校青蓝工程资助项目;江苏省研究生教育教学改革课题一般项目(JGKT23_C044)
Discourse Construction and National Identity:  A Practice Representation of the National Martial Arts Examination (National Examination) during the Republican Period
LIU Shuaibing,JI Canzhong
(School of Martial Arts and Art, Nanjing Sport Institute, Nanjing 210014 , China;School of Sports Science and Physical Education, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023 , China)
Abstract:
The National Martial Arts Examination carries the political demands and emotional demands of the national construction, which is the practice of martial arts nationalization during the Republican period. Exploring the formation, occurrence and characteristics of the National Martial Arts Examination, the legitimacy of the national construction is reflected in the history, progressive and contemporary, and constructing the political, economic and educational discourse for the martial arts groups who walk on the edge of the country and society. This strengthens the connection between martial arts and the country, and the martial arts groups can participate in the construction of the nation. Through the space shaping of ritual exercises, the discourse expression of the state present, political discipline and other means, the National Martial Arts Examination has become the practice space of the construction of the nation. Martial arts have been raised to the height of “national arts”. With the help of “competition” and “examination”, martial arts opens the road of modernization.
Key words:  the Republican period  the National Martial Arts Examination  discourse construction  national identity

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