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我国高校学生体质健康 后续服务工作现状调查与分析 ——基于评价与诊断环节视角
姜卫芬
0
(天津医科大学)
摘要:
评价与诊断是提高学生体质健康测试后续服务工作水平的必要环节。运用文献资料法、问卷调查法、数理统计法和逻辑分析法,对21所高校学生体质测试的评价与诊断环节的实施现状和效果进行调查、分析并提出改善建议。研究表明:学生、体育教师、体育部主任等不同主体对评价与诊断环节的认识存在偏差,现有《国家学生体质健康标准》有待完善,多数学校仍停留在关注学生测试的参与度和测试结果上而忽略了测试后的诊断与服务,学生对学校提供的个性化运动处方总体认可度不高。建议各高校高度重视学生体质测试的后续服务工作,并通过运动处方效果的预实验以及优化运动处方的分类标准等途径提高运动处方库的科学化水平。旨在推进我国高校学生体质健康测试管理工作的规范化和科学化。
关键词:  高校;体质健康测试;评价;诊断;运动处方
DOI:
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学研究一般项目(11YJC880038)
Investigation and Analysis on Status quo of Follow-up Services for Physical Fitness of University Students in China ——From the Perspective Based on Evaluation and Diagnosis
JIANG Wei-fen
(Tianjin Medical University)
Abstract:
Evaluation and diagnosis are necessary steps to improve the follow-up services of students’ physical fitness test. By methods of literature, questionnaire, mathematical statistics and logical analysis, the status quo and effectiveness of the evaluation and diagnosis of 21 college students’ physical fitness tests are investigated and analyzed, and then the suggestions for improvement are put forward. The results show that different subjects of students, PE teachers and directors of sports departments deviate from the understanding of evaluation and diagnosis, that the existing National Students’ Physical Health Standard needs to be perfected, that most universities still remain concerned about the participation and test results of students’ testing and thus neglecting the after-test diagnosis and services, and that the students have low overall recognition about the personalized sports prescription provided by their universities. It is suggested that universities shall attach great importance to the follow-up services of students’ physical fitness tests, and improve the scientific level of exercise prescription library through the pre-experiment of exercise prescription, and through the classification standard of optimizing exercise prescription. It is served as a promotion of the standardization and scientification of the management of college students’ physical fitness test in China.
Key words:  universities in China; physical fitness test; evaluation; diagnosis; exercise prescription

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