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湘西土家族传统体育文化传承与发展问题研究
刘卫华
(吉首大学 体育科学学院)
摘要:
运用文献资料法和逻辑分析法,对湘西土家族传统体育文化传承与发展问题进行研究。指出,湘西土家族传统体育文化是湘西土家族文化的重要组成部分,是记录湘西土家族历史、民俗的重要载体,肩负着湘西土家族传统文化保存与传承的使命。民族意识的表达、使用价值和史料价值的显现、国家对非物质文化遗产保护的重视、使用群体的传承和研究者的努力是湘西土家族传统体育文化发展的积极因素,但其也面临着自身存在固有缺陷、传承主体缺位、外来文化影响、科学性和独立性缺乏等不足和困境。认为湘西土家族传统体育文化需要提升其社会功能,改革创新内容和演练形式,拓展传承途径,寻求各界支持,才能满足当前的社会需求,在新的时代获得强大的发展动力。
关键词:  湘西土家族传统体育文化  传承与发展  非物质文化遗产保护  传承主体  传承途径  社会功能
DOI:
基金项目:
Research on the Inheritance and Development of Tujia Traditional Sport Culture in Western Hunan
LIU Wei-hua
(School of Physical Education, Jishou University)
Abstract:
The inheritance and development of traditional sports culture of Tujia ethnic minority in Western Hunan is studied by methods of literature and logic analysis. It is pointed out that the traditional sport culture of Tujia ethnic minority in Western Hunan is an important part of Tujia culture in Western Hunan. It is an important carrier for recording the history, folklore and development of Tujia ethnic minority in Western Hunan, and it shoulders the mission of preserving and inheriting the traditional culture of Tujia ethnic minority in Western Hunan. The expression of ethnic consciousness, the value of use and the value prominence of historical materials, the national emphasis on protection of intangible cultural heritage, the inheritance of user groups and the efforts of researchers are positive factors in the development of traditional sport culture of Tujia ethnic minority in Western Hunan. However, it also faces the inadequacies and predicaments of its inherent flaws, loss of inheritance subject, influence of foreign culture, lack of scientific basis and independence. It is believed that the traditional sport culture of Tujia ethnic minority in Western Hunan needs to improve its social functions, reform innovative contents and practice forms, expand the ways of inheritance, and seek support from all communities to meet the current social needs and obtain a strong driving force for development in the new era.
Key words:  Tujia traditional sport culture in western Hunan  inheritance and development  intangible cultural heritage protection  inheritance subject  inheritance path  social function

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