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中美竞技体育国际竞争力比较研究
朱玉霞
0
(南京信息工程大学 体育部,南京210044)
摘要:
运用双框架模型对中美竞技体育国际竞争力进行比较研究。认为:①从显现性框架分析,美国竞技体育国际竞争力一直稳定处于高位,而中国则呈现以2008年为峰顶的倒“U”型发展特征,且与美国还存在一定差距;②从解释性框架分析,美国竞技体育国际竞争力已趋于顶峰,而中国稳步提升;③中国竞技体育发展潜力巨大,但短时间内难以赶超美国;④“举国体制”有利于中国竞技体育显现性竞争力的提升,但与美国社会办竞技体育的发展模式相比,市场、社会在竞技体育发展中的作用发挥不足,不利于高经济性项目、高欣赏性项目的发展;⑤坚持“举国体制”、承办2022年冬奥会有利于中国竞技体育显现性竞争力的提升和冬季项目的发展,但同样存在竞技体育项目布局转型的困难和群众体育基础薄弱的困境。
关键词:  竞技体育国际竞争力;显现性竞争力;解释性竞争力;比较
DOI:
基金项目:2014年国家社科青年项目(体育类)“中国竞技体育国际竞争力评析与发展研究”成果(14CTY026)
A Comparative Study on the International Competitiveness of Chinese and American Elite Sports
ZHU Yuxia
(Department of Physical Education, Nanjing University of Information Engineering, Nanjing 210044, China)
Abstract:
This paper makes a comparative study on the international competitiveness of Chinese and American elite sports by using double frame model. The results show that: ①From the perspective of explicit framework analysis, the international competitiveness of American elite sports has been in a stable high position, while that of China is characterized by inverted “U” development with 2008 as the peak, and there is still a certain gap between China and the United States; ②From the perspective of explanatory framework analysis, the international competitiveness of American elite sports has reached its peak, while China has steadily improved; ③The development potential of Chinese elite sports is huge. However, it is difficult to catch up with the United States in a short period of time; ④The “national system” is conducive to the improvement of the apparent competitiveness of China’s elite sports, but compared with the development mode of the United States to run elite sports, the role of the market and society in the development of elite sports is insufficient, which is not conducive to the development of high economic projects and high appreciation projects; ⑤Adhere to the“national system” to host the 2022 Winter Olympics It is conducive to the improvement of the apparent competitiveness of China’s elite sports and the development of winter sports, but there are also difficulties in the transformation of the layout of elite sports and the weak foundation of mass sports.
Key words:  international competitiveness of elite sports; apparent competitiveness; explanatory competitiveness; comparison

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