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辨析与整合: 高强度功能性训练科学研究的理性审视
王润极
0
((1.?首都体育学院 研究生部,北京100191)
摘要:
采用文献资料法和逻辑分析法对高强度功能性训练的科学背景、概念认知、与高强度间歇训练的异同,以及在大众健身中的应用等进行梳理和分析。认为:高强度功能性训练是以高强度间歇训练、抗阻训练等训练理念为基础,结合功能性训练的基本训练思想,形成的以动作模式为逻辑起点,以高强度为基本原则,以间歇时间为调整手段,以提高参与者有氧和无氧供能能力、动作质量和体能储备为目标的训练方法;动作模式与间歇时间不同是高强度功能性训练与高强度间歇训练的差异性所在;高强度功能性训练在大众健身中能够有效强化新手锻炼者和部分女性参与者的训练动机,进而对优化运动表现起到助推作用。
关键词:  高强度功能性训练;高强度间歇训练;军事体能;大众健身;运动表现;训练动机
DOI:
基金项目:科技部国家重点研发计划“科技冬奥”重点专项课题“冬残奥越野滑雪、冬季两项与轮椅冰壶项目运动员身体机能特征、专项体能及心理训练的关键技术研究”(2018YFF0300603)
Differentiation and integration:Rational Review of Scientific Research on High intensity Functional Training
WANG Runji
(Graduate Department, Capital University of Physical Education and Sports, Beijing 100191,China)
Abstract:
Methods of literature and logic analysis are used to sort out and analyze the scientific background, concept cognition of highintensity functional training, its similarities and differences with highintensity interval training and the application in mass fitness. It is believed that highintensity functional training is a training method based on the training concepts of highintensity interval training and resistance training. It combines the basic training ideas of functional training, and the formation of the action mode as the logical starting point and the highstrength as the basic principle, and intermittent time interval as the adjustment method, and the improvement of participants’ aerobic and anaerobic energy supply capacity, motion quality and physical energy reserve as the purpose. The difference between high intensity functional training and high intensity interval training lies in the difference between action mode dominant and rest time interval. Highintensity functional training can effectively strengthen the training motivation of novice exercisers and some female participants in mass fitness, and then play a role in optimizing sports performance.
Key words:  high Intensity functional training; high intensity interval training; military physique; public fitness; athletic performance; training motivation

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