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羽毛球女子单打比赛量化分析及发展趋势研究
刘兰财
0
(首都体育学院 研究生部,北京100191)
摘要:
运用文献资料法、录像观察法和数理统计法,对近10年世界级羽毛球女子单打比赛的时间结构和技战术进行纵向比较分析,总结羽毛球女子单打比赛的发展特点,为运动员训练提供参考。结果显示:羽毛球女子单打比赛平均单场耗时、单局耗时、三局比赛比例不断增加;比赛中15 s以上的多拍比例大幅度上升,单回合耗时不断降低;小于15 s的间歇比例下降,31—40 s的间歇比例不断上升;2011年之后间歇与运动时间比不断提高,运动密度呈下降趋势;进攻技术应用增多;运动员主动失误丢分比例下降而主动得分比例明显升高。认为,女子单打比赛时间的大幅延长与计分规则修改的目的背道而驰;比赛时间的延长、多拍比例以及进攻比例的提高对女子运动员的体能提出了更高要求;女子单打比赛仍然围绕“以快为主”“以攻为主”“以我为主”的技战术风格,且更快、更稳、更强。
关键词:  羽毛球;女子单打;量化分析;时间结构;技战术
DOI:
基金项目:
Quantitative Analysis and Development Trend of Women’s Singles in Badminton
LIU Lancai
(Graduate Department, Capital University of Physical Education and Sports, Beijing 100191, China)
Abstract:
By methods of literature, video observation and mathematical statistics, this paper makes a longitudinal comparative analysis of the time structure and technical tactics of the world-class women’s singles badminton in the past 10 years, summarizes the development characteristics of women’s singles, and provides reference for the training of athletes. The results show that: the average single match duration, single game duration and three game proportion are increasing; the proportion of more than 15 seconds of multi-shot in the competition is increasing significantly, and the single round duration is decreasing; the interval proportion of less than 15 seconds is decreasing, and the interval proportion of 31—40 seconds is rising constantly; after 2011, the interval and exercise duration ratio is increasing, and the exercise density is decreasing; The application of attack technique is increasing, the proportion of losing points of athletes’ active errors is decreasing, while the proportion of active points is increasing. It is believed that the substantial extension of women’s singles competition duration is contrary to the purpose of the modification of scoring rules; the extension of competition duration, the increase of the proportion of multi shot and the proportion of attack put forward higher requirements for the physique of women athletes; women’s singles competition still revolves around the technical and tactical style of “fast first”, “attack first” and “self first”, but faster, more stable and stronger.
Key words:  badminton; women’s singles; quantitative analysis; time structure; technique and tactics

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