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发生认识论视角下的赫哲族传统体育文化之解读
吴家荣
0
(东北林业大学 体育部,哈尔滨150040)
摘要:
运用皮亚杰的发生认识论解读赫哲族传统体育文化的发生、发展和变迁。赫哲族传统体育图式遵循着“同化”和“顺应”的认识发生过程,并进行着体育图式的内化、外化双重建构,以达到体育图式的“平衡”。赫哲族传统体育发生于生产劳动和部落战争,并与宗教、神话、祭祀、礼仪紧密相关。赫哲族社会历史发展分为渔猎阶段、过渡阶段和多元经济发展阶段,与之相适应,赫哲族传统体育图式也经历了从“同化”到“顺应”的改变。具体表现为传统体育外在形式日益多元,传统体育的社会功能由生存、娱人、娱神向市场经济的表演、宣传转变,以及传统体育主体认识从“野性的思维”向科学发展思维转变。通过梳理赫哲族传统体育图式的认知发展规律,为更好地传承、发展传统体育提供参考。
关键词:  赫哲族;传统体育;发生认识论;体育文化;皮亚杰;图式;建构
DOI:
基金项目:中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目(2571014BC10)
Interpretation of Hezhe Traditional Sports Culture from the Perspective of Genetic Epistemology
WU Jiarong
(Sports Department, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, China)
Abstract:
This study uses Piaget’s genetic epistemology to interpret the occurrence, development and change of Hezhe’s traditional sports culture. The traditional sports schema of Hezhe ethnic group follows the cognitive process of“assimilation”and “adaptation”, and carries out the dual construction of internalization and externalization of sports schema to achieve the “balance” of sports schema. The traditional sports of Hezhe ethnic group took place in productive labor and tribal war, and closely related to religion, myth, sacrifice and etiquette. The social and historical development of Hezhe ethnic group can be divided into fishing and hunting stage, transition stage and multiple economic development stage, with which the traditional sports schema of Hezhe ethnic group has also experienced the change from “assimilation” to “adaptation”. The specific embodiment is that the external form of traditional sports has become more and more diverse, the social function of traditional sports has changed from survival, entertaining people, entertaining god to the performance and publicity of market economy, and the cognition subject of traditional sports has also changed from “wild thinking” to scientific development thinking. Through sorting out the cognitive development rules of Hezhe traditional sports schema, this study is thus designed with an attempt to provide reference for better inheritance and development of traditional sports.
Key words:  Hezhe ethnic group; traditional sports; genetic epistemology; sports culture; Piaget; schema; construction

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