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传控体系———足球的生物行为学考察
路云亭
0
(上海体育学院 新闻与传播学院,上海 200438)
摘要:
球类游戏都有很强的娱乐性,具体体现在战斗场面壮观、不可预知性强以及动作的创造性维度大等方面,其与动物学的关系更为紧密。足球是一种简单而自然的游戏形态,其以传控配合为主体内容。传控打法兼具战法性、战术性与基础性,它也最能体现群居性猎食者的狩猎特质。与足球传控打法最为近似的是犬科动物的狩猎景象。从原始狩猎学的角度看,传控打法最为全面地展示了足球的狩猎之美,显示了一种大自然自身的公正性。较诸其他打法,传控打法更富有平民性。合作性力量也有利于共享猎物,体味胜利后的群体聚合力。传控打法不追求过于惊艳的高潮景象,却维持着足球的效率为上的原则,它对无球队员的意识要求更高。足球的艺术性很强,这也在更高的视野上揭示出足球的动物美学的基本演进路向。
关键词:  足球运动  传控打法  动物狩猎  群体协作
DOI:
投稿时间:2023-02-20
基金项目:
Ball Passing and Possession System - An Investigation of Biology Behavior in Football
LU Yunting
(Shanghai University of Sport,School of Journalism and Communication,Shanghai 200438 ,China)
Abstract:
Ball games are highly entertaining,which is specifically reflected in the spectacular combat scenes,strong unpredictability and large creative dimension of the action,which are more closely related to zoology.Football is a simple and natural game form,which takes the cooperation of ball passing and ball possession as the main content.The ball passing and possession technique is both tactical and basic,and it can best reflect the hunting characteristics of social predators.The hunting scene of canines is most similar to the football passing and possession technique.From the perspective of primitive hunting,the technique of passing and possession shows the beauty of football hunting in the most comprehensive way,showing the fairness of nature itself.Compared with other techniques,the technique of passing and possession is more civilian.Cooperative power is also conducive to sharing prey and appreciating the group cohesion after victory.The ball passing and possession technique does not pursue an overly stunning climax,but maintains the principle of efficiency in football.It has higher requirements for the awareness of players without the ball.Football is very artistic,which also reveals the basic evolution of football's animal aesthetics to animal hunting from a higher perspective.
Key words:  football  ball passing and possession technique  animal hunting  group collaboration

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