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体育锻炼对青少年人力资本积累的影响———基于中国家庭追踪调查(CFPS)的实证分析
黄翔,张惠红
(东南大学 体育系,南京 211189)
摘要:
以新人力资本理论为基础,利用 R 语言对 CFPS2018数据进行 OLS回归分析,并引入工具变量增加结果的可靠性,以探究体育锻炼对青少年人力资本积累的影响。发现:体育锻炼有利于青少年认知能力与非认知能力的提升,从而促进人力资本的积累;性别、年龄、就读学校所在地与自感健康程度等因素也对青少年人力资本的积累有影响。在此基础上提出,继续提高体育在校园生活中的比重,学校合理设置学科,规划课堂内容;着力改善我国教育区域不平衡的现象,重视农村地区青少年体育锻炼;家校共育,科学组织安排课余体育活动,增强学生的自我效能感;加强宣传,让学校与家长认识到青少年体育锻炼的益处。
关键词:  体育锻炼  青少年  新人力资本  CFPS  认知能力  非认知能力
DOI:
投稿时间:2022-11-12
基金项目:
The Impact of Physical Exercise on Human Capital Accumulation of Adolescents ―- An Empirical Analysis Based on China Family Panel Studies (CFPS)
HUANG Xiang,ZHANG Huihong
(Department of Physical Education,Southeast University,Nanjing 211189 ,China)
Abstract:
Based on the new human capital theory,this paper uses R language to carry out OLS regression analysis on CFPS2018 data,and introduces instrumental variables to increase the reliability of the results,so as to explore the impact of physical exercise on youth human capital accumulation.It is found that physical exercise is conducive to the improvement of adolescents' cognitive ability and noncognitive ability,thus promoting the accumulation of human capital ; gender,age,school location and self-perceived health also have an impact on the accumulation of adolescent human capital.On this basis,it is proposed to continue to increase the proportion of sports in campus life,reasonably set up disciplines in schools,and plan classroom content ; focus on improving the phenomenon of regional imbalance in education in China,and attach importance to physical exercise for young people in rural areas ; conduct home-school co-education,scientific organization and arrangement of extracurricular sports activities,enhance students' self-efficacy ; strengthen publicity to make schools and parents aware of the benefits of physical exercise for young people.
Key words:  physical exercise  adolescents  new human capital  CFPS  cognitive ability  non-cognitive ability

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